Land desertification threatens the survival and development of two-third of countries and regions and one-fifth of the world’s population. However, many countries (with China taking the lead) are taking the initiative to counter desertification. Growing a company of trees in a desert area seems to be a fantasy, but, it’s an actual reality. It is a process that a lot of countries living in desert areas have embraced, for example, UAE and Israel.
Public information shows that China’s desert land area has maintained a net decrease since 2004 for 3 consecutive monitoring periods. In the following article, you’ll find out 3 Chinese deserts that have turned green in recent years.
Desertification in China
China is the country with the largest area of desertification in the world and is severely affected by sandstorms. A quarter of its land is desert. Nearly 40% of the country’s local counties and nearly 25% of the poor population are located in the northwestern sandy areas.
When the desert was at its most rampant, it expanded by almost 10,000 square kilometers every year. Desertification, like a sharp sword, hangs high above this country. China, therefore, experienced lots of severe sandstorms.
In a bid to counter the effect, the country began to research on cost effective means of using science, technology and innovative ideas many years ago. The country’s first desert scientific research station was established in Zhonghe, Ningxia, in 1954. The wheatgrass grid sand control technology was proposed for the first time and was praised by the world.
1] The Kubuqi Desert
It is China’s seventh-largest desert. It has also been designated as a global desert “eco-economic demonstration zone” by the United Nations Environment Program.
At present, one-third of this area has been greened, and the vegetation coverage has increased from 3% 30 years ago to over 53%, and the biodiversity has been significantly restored.
2] The Mu Us Sandy Land
The Mu Us Desert is a miraculous existence. Not only has the desertification not continued to expand, but the ecology is getting better, and it may disappear completely soon. The Mu Us Desert is located between Shaanxi Province and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, covering an area of 42,200 square kilometers.
The Mu Us Desert has more precipitation (250-400 mm), which is conducive to plant growth. It began to accumulate sand from the Tang Dynasty to a vast desert in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
3] Southern Edge of the Tengger Desert in Gansu
There is a sand barrier of more than 2,000 acres of grass square grids in this area, which has become a solid line of defense against the expansion of desertification. This grass square was laid by the world’s first “multifunctional three-dimensional sand fixation vehicle” independently developed and manufactured by Gansu Construction Investment.